Nutrition and your Period

With the right combination of nutritious foods, you can experience improved hormonal balance, reduced discomfort and enhanced energy levels throughout your cycle.

Proper nutrition can alleviate common symptoms
Proper nutrition can alleviate common symptoms


How does nutrition affect my periods?

The food you eat is vital for maintaining healthy periods and your overall menstrual cycle. Getting the essential nutrients you need to support hormonal balance, alleviate menstrual symptoms and promote general wellbeing is crucial. A balanced and diverse diet will help reduce discomfort and ensure your body functions optimally throughout your entire cycle.

Your menstrual cycle is regulated by a complex interplay of hormones, including oestrogen and progesterone, which fluctuate throughout your cycle. A balanced diet rich in fruit and vegetables, healthy fats, whole grains and clean proteins can help maintain hormonal balance and stabilise your mood, energy levels and overall health.

Consuming adequate amounts of healthy fats, such as omega-3 fatty acids, can help support hormone production. At the same time, certain vitamins and minerals, like B vitamins and magnesium, from sources like whole grains and nuts and seeds, can contribute to mood stabilisation and reduce premenstrual symptoms.

In addition to hormonal balance, proper nutrition can help alleviate common symptoms during your period, such as bloating, cramps and fatigue. Consuming anti-inflammatory foods, like fruits, vegetables, whole grains and clean proteins, can help reduce inflammation and minimise discomfort during your period. Moreover, staying hydrated and consuming electrolyte-rich foods or beverages can help prevent water retention and bloating.

Enjoy whole foods for healthy periods
Enjoy whole foods for healthy periods

Which nutrients offer support during my periods?

Certain nutrients are essential for maintaining healthy periods. They contribute to hormonal balance, alleviate symptoms and support overall wellbeing during your period. Here are some key nutrients that are particularly important for a healthy menstrual cycle:

  • Iron: Iron is crucial during your period, as it helps produce haemoglobin, which carries oxygen to your body’s cells. You can lose a significant amount of iron during your period, especially if you experience heavy bleeding. Consuming iron-rich foods like leafy greens, legumes and lean meats can help you replenish lost iron and prevent anaemia. Pairing iron-rich foods with vitamin C-rich sources can also enhance your iron absorption.
  • Calcium: Calcium plays a vital role in your muscle function and nerve signalling. Research suggests that it may help alleviate menstrual cramps and reduce PMS symptoms. Good sources of calcium include dairy products, fortified plant-based milk, leafy greens and nuts.
  • Magnesium: Magnesium is essential for regulating your muscle contractions and nerve function and may help reduce menstrual cramps and PMS symptoms. Additionally, it can support your hormonal balance and overall menstrual health. Foods rich in magnesium include dark chocolate, avocados, nuts, seeds and whole grains.
  • Omega-3 Fatty Acids: These healthy fats are known for their anti-inflammatory properties and can help reduce period pain and inflammation. Omega-3 fatty acids also play a role in your hormone production, which is essential for a healthy menstrual cycle. Excellent sources of omega-3s include fatty fish (such as salmon, mackerel and sardines), flaxseeds, chia seeds and walnuts.
  • Vitamin B6: Vitamin B6 is crucial for synthesising neurotransmitters, such as serotonin and dopamine, which help regulate your mood. It may help reduce PMS symptoms like mood swings, irritability and fatigue. Foods rich in vitamin B6 include bananas, poultry, fish, whole grains and fortified cereals.
  • Vitamin D: Vitamin D is essential for calcium absorption and has been linked to reduced menstrual pain and PMS symptoms. It can be obtained through sunlight exposure, supplementation or consuming vitamin D-rich foods like fatty fish, egg yolks and fortified milk or orange juice.

Incorporating these essential nutrients into a balanced diet can help support your menstrual health and promote overall wellbeing throughout your menstrual cycle. By prioritising nutrient-dense foods and maintaining a diverse diet, you can ensure you receive the vital nutrients needed for healthy periods.

Nuts and seeds are rich in magnesium
Nuts and seeds are rich in magnesium

Which foods can help alleviate period pain and cramps?

Consuming specific foods with anti-inflammatory properties or rich in essential nutrients can help alleviate period pain and cramps, making your periods more manageable. Here are some food choices that can help minimise discomfort during your period:

  • Ginger: Ginger has powerful anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, which can help reduce menstrual pain.
  • Chamomile tea: Chamomile tea is known for its calming and anti-inflammatory effects. Sipping on chamomile tea can help relax your uterus, reducing cramps and muscle spasms during your period.
  • Dark chocolate: High-quality dark chocolate is rich in magnesium, which can help relax your muscles and reduce cramping. Opt for chocolate with a high cocoa content (70% or higher) and consume it in moderation to satisfy your cravings and alleviate discomfort.
  • Nuts and seeds: Almonds, flaxseeds and chia seeds are rich in magnesium, omega-3 fatty acids and other essential nutrients that can help reduce inflammation and alleviate menstrual cramps.
  • Whole grains and Pulses: Whole grains and pulses, such as wholegrain rice and chickpeas provide essential nutrients like iron, magnesium and B vitamins, which can help reduce pain and discomfort during your period.
  • Fatty fish: Fish such as salmon, mackerel and sardines are high in omega-3 fatty acids, which have anti-inflammatory properties and can help reduce your period pain. Incorporate fatty fish into your meals or take fish oil supplements for added benefits.
  • Leafy greens: Spinach, kale and other leafy greens are rich in calcium, magnesium and iron, all of which can help alleviate cramps and replenish essential nutrients lost during your period.

Incorporating these foods into your diet during your period can help alleviate pain and cramps, making your cycle more manageable. By focusing on nutrient-dense, anti-inflammatory foods and maintaining proper hydration, you can support more comfortable and less painful periods.

Treat yourself with dark chocolate
Treat yourself with dark chocolate

What are some practical tips for including period-supporting foods in my daily meals?

Including period-supporting foods into your daily meals can be simple and enjoyable with some practical tips and strategies. Here are some suggestions for integrating nutrient-rich foods into balanced meals and snacks that support a healthy menstrual cycle:

  • Start your day with a nutritious breakfast: Choose whole grains like oats, whole-grain bread or quinoa and pair them with fruits, nuts or seeds. For example, you can enjoy a bowl of oatmeal topped with berries, chia seeds and a drizzle of honey or prepare a whole-grain avocado toast sprinkled with flaxseeds.
  • Boost your greens: Incorporate leafy greens like spinach, kale and Swiss chard into meals. Toss them in salads, add them to smoothies or sauté them as a side dish.
  • Snack smart: Choose healthy snacks that are rich in essential nutrients. Enjoy a handful of almonds or walnuts, a banana with a spoonful of almond butter or a small portion of dark chocolate with a high cocoa content. These snacks can help satisfy your cravings and provide essential nutrients to support you during your period.
  • Hydrate with herbal tea: Sip on herbal teas like chamomile, ginger or raspberry leaf throughout the day to help relax your uterus, reduce cramps and support overall wellbeing during your period.
  • Cook with anti-inflammatory herbs and spices: Season your meals with herbs and spices like ginger, turmeric and cinnamon, which have anti-inflammatory properties and can help reduce period pain and cramps.
  • Opt for potassium-rich fruits and vegetables: Consume foods high in potassium, such as bananas, sweet potatoes and tomatoes, to help reduce bloating and support muscle relaxation during your period.
  • Plan and prepare: Meal planning and preparation can make incorporating period-supporting foods into your daily diet easier. Set aside time to plan meals and snacks for the week, and prepare some ingredients in advance to ensure that you have nourishing options readily available.

By following these practical tips and focusing on a balanced diet that includes nutrient-rich foods, you can support a healthy menstrual cycle and promote overall wellbeing during your periods.

Start with a nutritious breakfast
Start with a nutritious breakfast

Are there any foods I should avoid or limit during my period?

Certain foods and beverages can exacerbate menstrual symptoms and may be best avoided or limited during your period to ensure optimal wellbeing. Here are some items that you may wish to be mindful of during your period:

  • Caffeine: High caffeine intake can increase your anxiety, irritability and sleep disturbances, which can be particularly problematic during your period. Additionally, caffeine can cause vasoconstriction, potentially exacerbating menstrual cramps. While small amounts of caffeine are generally safe, limiting intake is advisable.
  • Alcohol:Alcohol can interfere with your hormonal balance and exacerbate PMS symptoms. It may also contribute to dehydration and inflammation, increasing menstrual discomfort, bloating, cramps and mood swings.
  • Sugar: Sugar can cause rapid fluctuations in blood glucose levels, worsening your fatigue and irritability during your period. Instead of indulging in sugary snacks, opt for natural sources of sweetness like fresh fruits.
  • Processed foods: High sodium intake can lead to water retention, exacerbating bloating and swelling during your period. Processed foods, such as ready meals and fast food, often contain high sodium levels and unhealthy fats, increasing inflammation and menstrual discomfort. Opt for whole, unprocessed foods and season meals with herbs and spices instead of excessive salt.
  • Saturated and trans fats: Diets high in saturated and trans fats can contribute to inflammation, which may worsen menstrual pain. Limit intake of unhealthy fats in fried foods, baked goods and processed snacks and focus on consuming healthy fats like those in avocados, nuts, seeds and fatty fish.
  • Dairy products: Dairy may cause you digestive issues and increase inflammation, particularly if you are lactose intolerant or sensitive to dairy proteins. If dairy is a known trigger for your discomfort, consider alternatives such as plant-based milk, yoghurt and cheese.

Being mindful of these food and beverage choices during your period can help promote overall wellbeing and alleviate menstrual symptoms. You can support a healthier and more comfortable menstrual cycle by prioritising nutrient-dense, whole foods and limiting items that can exacerbate your discomfort.

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Food supplements should not be used as a substitute for a varied and balanced diet and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any ailments.

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